Ngo Dinh Can. Who
Nguyen Van Luc
The fate of Phan Quang Dong and Ngo Dinh Can was scheduled to
complete with the death penalty. It
is not the case that Deng Sy escape the death penalty narrowly! Another
article will show the reason that helped Deng Sy escape the death
Secret Service leaders go to court. Public
Phan Quang Dong (1929-9 / 5/1964) and his wife before his
The remaining limbs of Mr. Ngo Dinh Can as Duong Van Hieu, Thai Den,
Nguyen Thien Dzai.Or people in the police sector also suffer the
same fate as Nguyen Van Y, Khue Van Hai, Nguyen Van Hai, Tran Buu
Liem, etc. with the heavy sentence: wrongful death in accordance
with the law “revolutionary”.
Just look back at the nature of the past war and then to understand
what their role is? And
do they really deserve these heavy penalties?
The war was a total war not only in terms of ideology, war between
the communist and capitalist blocs, urban and rural warfare, and
military and political warfare.
According to Dang Van Sung, the head of the Communist Party
newspaper, the Vietnam War is only 25% militarily, while the other
75% is political.
But the other 25% in the eyes of the Americans as well as the
military in Vietnam is a decisive factor. To
the Americans, especially to Defense Secretary McNamra, with their
arrogance and their ridiculous confidence that they know how to win
this battle with the minds of experts who look at the numbers, the
tables Statistics, methods of calculating corpses and sophisticated
electronic systems on the needs of firearms, weapons and ammunition.
McNamara's calculations are only of theoretical value. So
when he consulted Ed. Lansdale
about this. Lansdale
responded that the calculations lacked an “x factor”. That
is the human factor, the politics of the war. That's
the other 75%.
(Rufus Philipps, “Why Vietnam Matters: An Eyewitness Account of
Lessons Not Learned” (2008), Preface)
In the remaining 75% there is work between Americans and Vietnamese
do not understand each other, do not agree on strategy, strategy,
culture, human history. It
is because of this lack of understanding that Americans see only the
advantages of people, equipment and money, the number of bombs
dropped in North Vietnam and in the South.
They have failed and lost.
That defeat is still visible in the battles in Iraq and Afghanistan
that lasted until now. A
battle known as the War of Terror.
Americans after 1964 were no longer interested in pacification and
rural development as in the early 1954-55 period. The
period when only 5,000 to 10,000,000 Americans were present gave a
good image of the United States.
The number of American casualties at that time was only a small
number, representing 50 people compared to the number of casualties
If the Americans did not massively rush into Vietnam with the high
cost of lives and money, would Americans abandon and abandon
People like Can's Central Secret Service lie in the battle that the
challenge posed to Communist soldiers recognizing that they were
have no living land, no place to breathe in a stable countryside, a
countryside brings peace and prosperity to farmers.
People like Edward Lansdale and his later aides, Rufus Philipps,
whose remains are concerned with how rural development, road
construction, clinics, schools.
It is a two-faced battle: the pacification of the countryside and
the development of the countryside.If understanding such a war, the
role of the secret police Ngo Dinh Can must be re-evaluated.And also
need to determine whether the war need to climb steep or not? As
for Nhu, there is the policy of Replica Hamlet of Malaysia.
Strategic Hamlet. Source:
I think that the Strategic Hamlet is too focused on security and not
enough attention to the social security of the people, so they are
not supported by the people. There are no achievements in life, no
school, no clinic, no stable health, no loss of life, especially in
Southern provinces. , sparse unlike Central and Highland.)
The disadvantage and unlucky of the Secret Service
When a soldier comes to the front if he kills the enemy, he will be
rewarded for that victory so that he can go up to the cans and get
many medals and certificates of merit. That
is common sense because they have brought their bodies, their lives,
to protect their homeland.
Senator Nguyen Huu Hoang, the head of the Ca Cacao police station on
the occasion of the boat control lucky to catch Ba Man. He
was awarded a special award from the Senator to Lieutenant.That is
also very normal. Many
lieutenant colonel and lieutenant colonel were on the battlefield to
win their feats.
But when a Secret Service officer assuming heavy responsibility for
secrecy, such as secret agents, counterintelligence agents,
commanders, failed to do so, there was no clear promotion, except
for those who did not. be in the military. Is
there anything more dangerous than the detective soldiers, sent to
How did a Senator catch the Three Dead like that when Duong Van Hieu
and his accomplices captured the Ten Commanders, how would the
Director of Communist Intelligence be rewarded?Such as replacing Bui
Van Luong, acting Minister of Home Affairs?
Because of secret intelligence, the press did not publish the news,
the people were completely ignorant!
Until more than 40 years later, a hundred people claiming to be
anti-communist infamous, shouting in any rally, 99 out of 100 people
do not know who are the Ten Thousand? What
is Duong Van Hieu? Does
anyone know the achievements of Duong Van Hieu? And
I know in part because of the five communist documents written.
(The five books are Ngo Dinh Canh's Secret Dictation by Van Phan,
Dang Dinh Loan's Tang Dynasty, Special War, Dinh Thi Van's Memoirs,
and Two Receptions. Van Quoc and “Tran Quoc Huong, intelligence
commander” by Nguyen Thi Ngoc Hai.)
Source: Publisher: Hong Bang Publishing House
Suppose at that time, the press was posted everywhere, press
conference, then Muoi Huong and his fellow refusal to turn out to
the public to see, try to ask what the results will be?
I have yet to find an explanation, why should I keep secrets of such
North Vietnamese Communists, when caught by US pilots, were shot
down in the North Vietnamese sky, carrying a pilot who was tied
behind his back to the streets for the spit.
It is not only for individuals Duong Van Hieu but for the South.
And later, the Revolution dared to take Duong Van Hieu to trial and
sentenced to life imprisonment because before that Duong Van Hieu
was honored as a hero, even the hero kill the communists?
Our enemies wrote five books of praise, honored Ngo Dinh Can and
Duong Van Hieu, and the National accused them, insulted them,
defamed them? Between
Ngo Dinh Can and Thich Tri Quang, who was credited with and guilty
of the South? Who
deserves a slash? And
Have any books written about them? Not. Absolutely
for the interviews of the Virgin Mary in Spirituality, 2007
Here, the writer is quoted as a scene of a communist cadre who
diverted the success of the Duong Van Hieu Secretariat:
“Until the zoning, the base was collapsed lacquered, clinging to the
people can not stand anymore, must turn up the mountain. Clinging
to the mountains, the cadre still directs the movement in the
plains.Climbers climb, cut the line of contact, supply .. Food dry
up, contact congestion. Life
is meaningless if you stick to the high mountains, in the jungle,
around the forest and gorillas. Let's
talk about what is high, this stomach first. (It's
a good way to slap your thighs) It needs to be addressed first. Out
of rice, dry wages, everything. Too
hungry, starved to death. Can
not starve to maintain proletarian gas? That
is, the situation in Central China, the context like that-somehow he
has envisioned the characteristics of the local special movement,
the particularity of the situation. I,
along with some former comrades, are also responsible officers for
my local people, in the same situation: surrender. (...)
To such an extent, so much so that the human nature of change leads
to an irresistible chain reaction, a resentment of the Party cadres
and officials. People
feel betrayed. In
fact, after that the people have the conclusion that: “where cadres
go to mourn to where the dead” so the people definitely “out of the
cadre out, grabbed his head, handed over to the authorities.”
(Quoting Van Tien Manh “Reluctant Writer” on April 20, 1995, 26
On the military level, how many battalions do we need to surround
and disrupt a county logistics facility? And
if any of the ARVN officers who fought this battle was an enemy of
the enemy, would the officer be offered the promotion at the front? The
problem of recovering the people's heart so that people can hear the
public how much time do the public?
Yet, the Central Secret Service delegation was delineated, blotting
the communist sticky landings along the Central, firmly in place
before and after the Geneva Accords. I
used to live and familiar to the central provinces. However,
after 63, especially from 66 onwards, going from Nha Trang to Phan
Thiet, military aircraft.
What were they rewarded? How? By
letter, which decree of the Ministry of Home Affairs? Or
did they not receive any direct praise from Mr. Ngo?
For example, Duong Van Hieu's Secret Service would later be rewarded
to encourage them because of Ngo Dinh Diem's black fund. But
Mr. Hieu's staff, during the nine years of dedicated service to the
Secret Service, provided security for the entire District 5 and the
neighboring provinces, and what position was they promoted? How
to get money? Senator
Duong Van Hieu himself, whose office may be equivalent to the
director of public security, was not allocated government housing.
It would have been better for them to assume the rank of deputy
sheriff or vice chancellor of that area to be worthy of their merit
and to keep the security of the area long lasting. The
disadvantage is nonetheless acceptable.
But when the government collapsed, as in the First Republic, they
were considered as regimeists and severely punished.
Whereas a government apparatus, ministerial leaders often serve the
regime effectively, they are exempt from all criminal
example, what is Vice President Nguyen Ngoc Tho responsible for the
death of the Ba?
Hereafter, I summarize the list of Secret Service agents who went to
court and were sentenced to life imprisonment by the Revolutionary
The case of the Secret Agents Duong Van Hieu with 42 witnesses (44
According to a report by Nam Dinh, published in the newspaper Chung
“The trial was on June 26, 1964, with the famous Consul General
Nguyen Van Duc. The
case is based on 4/64 law. The
witnesses were 42 people including doctors, lawyers, professors,
civil servants, journalists, abducted abductees, tortured tortured,
just like torturing bandits, murderers. Torture
to find out, then look at the house and take the money, get gold. They
take the car losers: they take away from the drapes of money,
watches ... to the glasses, they also take notes. No
treasure in the house they left behind for the victim's wife and
The Act establishes the Revolutionary Courts to be charged with
“unlawful confiscation” and “illegal imprisonment” charges ... the
maximum penalty of “no right to diminution” is death penalty.”
Unfortunately, Nam Dinh journalist also did not name or list 42
witnesses, but only named one person: Mr. Phan Khac Suu. Later,
I also did not have the opportunity to read the memoirs of 42
people, victims of Ngo Dinh Can?
Hereafter, please cite following the question of the Institute for
Questioning the Surgeon Duong Van Hieu:
Van Duc on behalf of the prosecutor's office asked the defendant
Duong Van Hieu for ten minutes about the word 'special affairs':
- Why not call, for example, 'anti-Communist work' or something, do
not set the word “special”. What
is special about?
Hieu confused, I do not know where to reply. The
Attorney General asked again, Hieu replied: 'Special job nouns have
long been ...'
The attorney general says alone: 'No! Special
work is special! '
Each time the witness testified, the
chief judge asked the defendant:
- Did the accused see ...?
And each time, the defendants replied: 'absolutely none'. “
(Nam Dinh, ibid., The Chung Daily)
Results of the Sentencing Secret / b>
After that the court sentenced only four heads. All
other employees are acquitted.
Duong Van Hieu: living in miserable life.
Thai Nguyen Nguyen Nhu Thai: General body suffering. (In
fact, there are two Thai White Thai, ie Le Thai Thai worked for Tran
Nguyen Thien Dzai: General body suffering.
Phan Khanh: 10 years of hard labor.
According to Duong Van Hieu's subsequent disclosure to the lawyer,
Lam Xuan Trinh, ”widow
named Dinh Xuan Quang, wife of a former Minister of the Bao Dai era,
interrogated me. But
there is no concrete evidence. ”
According to Duong Van Hieu, if I had killed anyone then surely Mai
Huu Xuan had “made me”. It
is Mai Huu Xuan also with Duong Van Hieu. However,
the Revolutionary Court was presided over by a civil judge. (Including
Colonel Duong Hieu Nghia as a member.)
But soon, in 1964, the government gave three planes carrying all the
political prisoners of war, about 40 inland. (In
fact, the release was signed by Tran Van Huong release paper)
The conviction of forced labor and then released shows that this is
a purely political case, without any legal basis as well as
Shortly thereafter, Duong Van Hieu received a letter from the
Central Intelligence Agency, General Nguyen Khac Binh, and Bach Dang
to invite him to work in the Intelligence Research Division. office,
sit and play.)
This is also the case of Dao Quang Hien, a director of the Internal
Security Department of the Interior Ministry imprisoned for seven
months, later also to work in the Central Intelligence Agency
Secretariat as the Director of the organization under the authority
Colonel Le Van Nhieu, Nguyen Khanh's men.
(Lam Sin Trinh, “Awakening, National & Communist,” p. 425)
Other prison sentences
Please summarize that these people are not in the framework of the
Secretariat of Ngo Dinh Can.Trich again article title of Reporter
Nam Dinh, newspapers Chung as follows:
Lord Sunday 18, Monday 19-7-65. 13
senior officers in the National Police. Imprisonment
of Unlawful Detention and the Abolition of the 13 Patriots:
The following 13 patriots have the following names:
Nguyen Phan Chau, Ta Chi Diep himself
Huynh Huu Thien, self Yu
Huynh Thien Tu
Nguyen Van Tap, teacher training
Nguyen Van Danh
Le Hoai Nam, Truong Van Kinh himself
Vu Tam Anh
Lam Hoang Ba
Chen Chi Tai
Lý Tâm Nghiệp
Ton That Duong
Nguyen Bao Toan
Phan Xuan Gia
In the end, only four sentenced to life imprisonment. Also
The four hardships include Nguyen Van Y, Nguyen Van Hay, Khue Van
Hai and Tran Buu Liem.Also acquitted: Huỳnh Phuoc Bang, Le Van Thao,
Nguyen Van Ngoi, Nguyen Thanh Huan, Nguyen Van Hieu, Vo Van Chai and
Vo Van Duong. “
In this case, it has something to say. First
of all, I would like to quote the article of Nam Dinh journalist in
After 4 hours of deliberation, Chief Justice Tran Minh Tiet and his
people's deputies and military personnel answered many questions and
agreed to close the charge of “trying not to plot” so all four new
people from death. “
A child knows that the political assassination must be ordered from
above and to make, to have a good plan .. However, the revolutionary
court has to break this is a “ to avoid the death sentence for the
Who can believe the decision of Chief Judge Tran Minh Tiet is to
comply with the law?
And again, the case of Major-General Dao Quang Hien did not
understand why he was acquitted? Because
in front of the court, Khieu Van Hai declared that he only followed
the orders of Major Quang Quang Hien?
I have lived my entire youth and adolescence between the First and
Second Congo backgrounds.I understand somewhat the achievements and
failures of both. I
love and are proud of the First Republic and can not say otherwise. I
let the hateful regimes out of my ears because I realized that the
general political tendency in both the American and Vietnamese
worlds was aware of the truth and the horrible death of them.
But there is a deep difference between the two regimes: First
Republican leadership is young and inexperienced, but the ideal of
nationality, patriotism and high service ideals in people like
Diem.Besides Ngo Dinh Diem are exemplary civil servants who live in
a professional manner, such as Quach Cong Duc, Vo Van Hai, Doan Them
and other Secret Service personnel.
In particular, I think the return of justice to the core officers of
the First Republic Republic has been wrongfully judged to be
work is more sinful without clear evidence.
Just compare the system of messages between the two periods well
1963, the Central Intelligence Agency Central Intelligence Agency
headed by General Nguyen Khac Binh, with a large number of staff,
full money has made what merit? Or
just to see, communist cadres have been invading almost openly in
schools, in some temples and in government agencies!Huynh Van Trong,
the spy detective Vu Ngoc Nha, in the Presidential Palace published
publicly in the press by the CIA, which has the merit of the Special
Looking back to the first years of the First Republic, at least it
is a discipline, orderly, orderly society. If
there is anything to regret on my part, I have had a great deal of
appreciation for Tran Kim Tuyen both in his profession and in his
loyalty to which I later knew I was mistaken. That
is also true in the case of Duong Van Minh.
But later I could not find such minimum things in the leaders after
1963 as Mr. Duong Van Minh, Nguyen Khanh, etc.
I remember as after the successful revolution, the generals allowed
to open the tea room, to dance. Disclose
Strategy without any alternative policy solution.
The uproar and grievances of the generals of the Revolutionary
Military Council, right from the beginning, were never revealed.
The deaths of Diem and Nhu instead of helping them peace of mind,
unite together is the germ to divide them. The
split, Americans know all without interference. US
liquid hands for Nguyen Khanh corrected.
Then the division became worse when Duong Van Minh eliminated
General Nguyen Khanh and General Do Cao Tri in the Military Council. After
this it will be the cause of the adjustments.
In particular, looking back at the work of Duong Van Minh are all
political life is a scapegoat role in many cases.
Take an example. Chinh
Luan, May 8, 1964 reported as follows:
“Ordinance refusing petition of indulgences of East and
Cẩn.Saigonton (VTX). In
the morning of May 5-5, Lt Gen Duong Van Minh, the Nationalist
leader of the Republic of Vietnam, signed a two-day Decree No.
0006-QT / SL and No. 0007-QT / SL dismissed Phan Quang Dong's
request for an amnesty (dated 28- 3-64 and of Ngo Dinh Can on April
Kill the Nationals, but release all communist cadres arrested before
1963. This does not understand why, the press media did not speak
other action is a “treason” action?
Listen to Ten Thousand comments:
“Duong Van Minh's coup attempted to silence Diem's factions, not
mind the old political prisoners, so it was very crowded and easy to
Tu Thai (assistant to the Central Special Forces) later said that in
1965, Tran Van Hai, the chief of the special police investigation
unit, shouted out to the coup leaders that they could not eat
anything. Bribed to drop Communist cadres, and mistakenly dropped an
important intelligence officer, Muoi Huong. His
profile commented on the summary:
“The party closed down in 1955, did not join the Communist Party and
was detained for six years.” “
(Nguyen Thi Ngoc Hai “Tran Quoc Huong, intelligence chief”, p. 155)
I do not know who made the fake record as to have the excuse of
dropping Ten Thousand?
Muoi Huong was released on May 18, 1964. That
is six months after the revolution that overthrew the First
released, Ten Huong laughed at the faces of those who released him
by making the following statement: “The joke is: Now, we released
his brother out to eat Ho's birthday.”
I am humiliating for Duong Van Minh. More
humor when looking at the picture he stooped as a sinner to the
radio to read orders to surrender.