Ngo Dinh Can. Who are you?
Nguyen Van Luc
Hue people live peacefully, travel freely everywhere, sleep not afraid to communist kidnapping to take.
In villages in the South, there are more than 4,000 staff at all levels in the commune have been kidnapped and abducted by the Viet Cong. Teachers of the day to commune teaching, in the evening to return to the district to sleep for safety.
However, the enjoyment of a peaceful countryside, the romantic city of Hue is almost as natural as it should be like falling from the sky.
I would like to say straight, there is no Ngo Dinh Can and his Secret Service, Hue and surrounding areas will not be peaceful. No one has the opportunity to think of Mr. Can's work.
Four years after eliminating Can (1964), 1968 Hue became a victim of himself with a bloody massacre of innocent Hue people. Ten dozen or ten detainees of communist cadre who were perverse in their hands, with the number of 5,000 innocent Hue people being tied up, buried alive, buried at the head buried in mass graves up to hundreds of people each place?
Who is responsible for this catastrophe, if not the Hue people “kill” or assassinate Hue people?
I wrote Hue Mau Than, many unfortunate land . The uan souls of Hue after half a century into ashes, do not know corpses are intact to hear the recitation for them to expect them to be super-escape?
Huong, head of communist intelligence, wrote:
“But then (referring to France in the 1940s) was not as dark as the 1957-1959.”
Muoi Huong talked about the danger of Ngo Dinh Can as follows:
“When I was arrested, at first it said, we invited him back, dare not use the catch word. It exploits the National subject very much against the Communists. It still says the resistance people are the ones who have contributed to the country. “
(Hoang Hai Van- Tan Tu, “Strategic Intelligence, Master,” Thanh Nien Newspaper, No. 200. Tuesday, 26 November 2002)
But rumors are blowing much, and weaving is not lacking. From a small story can tear a big deal.
Specific cases such as Vuong Hong Son had the opportunity to visit Hue in a delegation of the University of Saigon. He had dinner at Mr. Can's house. There he had the opportunity to see a tiger and some birds in the garden. When he returned, he wrote that Can has a zoo. Actually, it was just a tiger lost mother taken by military veterans brought back as a gift to Mr. Can. He fed it like a cat, feeding it every day.
The character of Wang Hong Su read only but not happy. He also wraps with Nguyen Dac Xuan on the story of Ngo Dinh Diem stealing from Tu Duc.
(Nguyen Van Luc, “History is still there.” Nguyen Dac Xuan, Vương Hồng Sển and Tu Duc's monograph, p. 215)
I pay special attention to the selection and use of Mr. Can.
He did not learn much, but his political instincts helped him choose the right person. The people chosen by him, whose ministry did not do anything great, came through a thorough introduction, the first of which was the ideal of an anti-communist nation, the second was the almost absolute loyalty and the second Three are mostly Catholic.
These standards are not necessarily general or objective values for now. But at the time of the birth of the Republic, at the level of government support, people needed comrades rather than people with degrees or professional qualifications.
And through their nine years of dedicated service to the regime, they all show that they deserve it. Let me mention some of the most prominent people like Phan Quang Dong, Nguyen Van Minh, Duong Van Hieu, Nguyen Van Chau, Pham Thu Duong, Le Quang Tung, etc.
How Phan Quang Dong died with a letter to his wife and children several hours before being shot. After this, Ngo Dinh Can's attitude is the same. It is not difficult to understand, because they have an ideal and reasonable because they live with conviction.
Second, the working principle of Ngo Dinh Can is based on a political instinct. That instinct was developed in the first place is for self-defense and then by all means destroy the enemy in the still-living relationship between the two.
It may not accept the theory, even the law. It does not follow an administrative procedure, or legal process in arresting, detaining, torturing. This is the weak side of Secret Service Missions. Even though anti-Communist leadership was top priority, it could not allow the Secret Service to arrest people, detain them without trial, even torture.
Thus, to the abuse as in the Central spy trial, many of them have been wrongfully arrested, sentenced or imprisoned injustice.
But in terms of the efficiency of these agencies it is undeniable. It does not lose any of the foreign agencies like the FBI, the French SDE, the Russian KGB or the Special Branch (The Special Branch), including the Phoenix program 1968-1975... Phoenix campaign is intelligence and murder mystery! How many innocent people have been killed injustice? Why do not Americans speak? Why can you convict Mr. Can and the Secret Service?
According to data, in the eight years, the number of officials in the Republic of Vietnam was attacked by the Viet Cong up to 33,052. The data in the Phoenix campaign resulted in 22,013 respondents, 24,843 arrested. 26,369 were killed. The total is 73,225. (Wikipedia Encyclopedia, “Phoenix Campaign”)
Who knew of the 26,669 Viet Cong killed, how many civilians were wrongfully murdered?
The autobiography of a kidnapped person detained in Le Van Duyet camp from 1961 until after the revolution of 1963.
The following narrative, without the author's name, was extracted from the National Voice, entitled “Under the Secretariat of Ngo Ngieu”. Abducted, detained for some time, was taken to visit the family. Where can I say no where? What?
SAIGON 1969 - Photo by larsdh - Le Van Duyet Camp
“That afternoon, as well as how many other times, to make my bike escape out of the department. Suddenly a man riding a motorbike came up to me and said, “Excuse me, let me ask you something.” He showed me the motorbike and showed me the card and asked me to come back and talk to him.
So I had to ride my bike, and another man ran Lambretta behind me.
Here, Le Van Duyet camp
The “Le Van Duyet” camp was the base of the secret mission of the Central Special Mission, which was stationed in the capital region until after the revolution. Because the Secret Service is very secretive, besides the iron door closed, the guard is no different than a military camp. Also greet the flag, also play football, also singing, whoever goes through the idea is a military camp, not where it is where the Secret Service of Wu Dynasty to confine those who dare to fight against the gang we ..
Sleeping with divan or iron bed or father's chair, one by one, with mosquito netting, there are decent sheets: have hours of sleep. Eating well is better than tender. There is a clubhouse, a reading room, an entertainment court, and a ping pong table.
In the spirit, there is the Entertainment Board of the camp: rehearsal, drama, tu luong, many weeks for performances for entertainment brothers. Often every afternoon, there is an old opera, an old-fashioned camera, but also sad. On Saturday night, listen to the sound of Sai Gon Repertory or see the lightning. (...)
“Eat rice,” a name was born in the camp of Le Van Duyet.
We did not know how much the government spent on food and drink, but at Le Van Duyet we could get $ 50 from the market, each in camp.
There is a support board (also campers) anxious to eat pieces for the brothers. We treat each person $ 5 50, but we declare “dinner”, meaning a four-course tray, we eat five people. $ 5 surplus to $ 50 each. Breakfast is $ 1. If you fast, you will get $ 30 more per month.
In prison, but also pay. In prison, but also on vacation.
In jail, they can then visit home. There are many brothers in prison for long, weekend leave, Saturday afternoon, morning two. Or have you about every night after 5:30 am working hours out, 7:30 am back at ... prison. (...)
In spouse's inmate, it is very unconventional.
Those of a time have passed.”
In my opinion, prisons like Ngo Dinh Can's Le Van Duyet camp are unique in this world. It is “prison without bars”. There were also correctional camps, but it was not comparable to the Lê Văn Duyệt prison.
However, according to Du Van Van,
“For certain stubborn prisoners who do not divert - as in the case of Dang An - are detained in a solitary confinement. Or Deng An was transferred to a small fish farm, a separate detention center. This camp can be taken to Nine Cellars and starved. Or worse, drop the river or drop the sea. The supervisor of Mang Fishery at that time was Pham Mai.”
(This is an extension of Du Van Vien's photocopy.) After three years he writes: Writer's Reluctance, in which he writes: Communists fear Communists)
The reason for the establishment of the Central Special Mission
So far, more than half a century, many people still misjudge the work of the Central Special Forces of Can. They suggested that the mission was to crack down on them, to suppress all intellectuals such as doctors, lawyers, professors, journalists and businessmen as witnessed by 42 witnesses. June 26, 1964.
Journalist's article Nam Dinh record as follows:
“According to the indictment, 42 people were tortured, investigated by Agent Orange. These secretaries included Thai Black, Thien Dzai and Phan Khanh.
But each time Nguyen Van Duc, the prosecutor, after witnesses testified, turned to ask Duong Van Hieu: Did the defendant look at it? And the answer of the defendants is:
- Absolutely not.”
According to Nam Dinh journalist, Than Chung newspaper, “the crime of Secret Agents Duong Van Hieu no ink pen can describe it all.”
However, according to a victim who was taken to the Le Van Duyet camp recently quoted above, the detainees at Le Van Duyet camp have a comfortable life in prison. What are the penalties not described by Nam Dinh journalists?
As for the purpose of setting up the Central Special Forces, Mr. Can wanted a policy of recruiting Communist soldiers. This was an escape route for the communists, enabling them to cooperate with National government.
Therefore, Mr. Can in early 1957, he proposed to TT. Diem asked him to implement the policy he called “Encouraging and using old resistance fighters.”
After Mr. Diem agreed, Mr. Can entrusted Mr. Duong Van Hieu with the mission to implement the above policy.
Thanks to its thorough application, intelligence and smartness, the policy not only captured the entire Viet Minh staff in the Central.
This policy also encourages some people to quit the Party to work for the National Party. That is the case of Le Chan, real name is Nguyen Dinh Chon, which is a member of Thua Thien province. After moving, Chon has been appointed as Senior Specialist of Gia Dinh Police. Until 30 April 1975, he was educated as a reformer, then he was transferred to the United States under the HO.
His former comrades asked him to rewrite the memoirs of former prisoners of the Central Special Forces. He refused because old age wants to be alone.
In the third period of this article, we will have the opportunity to present the Memoirs of Communist Officials showing what they thought about the Central Special Forces.
Speech of Mr. Ngo Dinh Can on Tet holiday in 1958
Maybe this is a rare and special document, because the speaker is Mr. Ngo Dinh Can. Mr. Can is a little person who appears outside, with little contact with anyone. Important events such as National Day or occasional festivities are not present. I wonder, did he ever come to Saigon to meet Diem? Probably not. Even local ceremonies such as Hue were not present.
The more contact with foreigners is, the less he avoids. Why is not clear? Language of disagreement? Less guilty?
In a March 26, 2015 article published by DCVOnline.net, US Consulate General John Helble (1961-1964) recorded. The American consul waited patiently for three months to get Mr. Can's comments. And this is a very special case and very rare.
DCVOnline.net also republished a telegram sent from Hue as follows:
“In telegram 714, November 4, 4.58 pm The Department agreed that Can not be harmed and that We should make every effort to get him and his mother, if necessary, out of country soonest, using our own facilities if this would expedite their. departure. “(ibid, Central Files, ENG 26 S VIET)
A telegram from the US Consulate in Hue to the US State Department, Nov. 4, 1963
(Tra Mi, “The strange case of Mr. Ngo Dinh Can” , DCVOnline.net, March 26, 2015)
Even so, it would not save Ngo Dinh Can's life.
In an interview with former Consul General John Helble with Thomas F. Conlon on April 5, 1996, there was an important note from the former Consul:
“It shows that the US was involved in this by arresting Mr. Can, handing him over to the new government of Vietnam, and then “standing still” while he was sentenced and executed. This with the Americans is the act, America's misguided policy - or a combination of both, action and inaction. “
(Trai Mi, ibid., March 26, 2015)
After all, both the Americans and the generals needed a sacrificial animal.
One avoids such communication. However, on the occasion of Tet 1958, Can himself personally visited the arrested officers who had diverted or not diverted at the Police Department of Thua Thien.
The theme he told them was “The policy of inviting and using old resistance fighters.”
He said to them as follows:
“My dear brother came to visit me because of Mr. Hieu, the head of company reported: all brothers here are well-intentioned, high National spirit. I came to the purpose of “inviting you” to the State, to cooperate with us, to build a truly free, truly democratic regime. Together reform of the backward society piling up too many injustices flow from life now, for the grace, has been independent, must be worthy of his position, of a completely poisonous person freedom, freedom and happiness. (...) And you, because you are so passionate about the ideals of Independence and Freedom, do not recognize communism as a non-nationalist. (...) I urge you to think carefully and thoroughly to get rid of the communist tail that has been cheated for you. Then we fight together, fight hard, build a real country of independence, freedom, democracy. A society that is truly fair, happy, full of self, wife, children, village, ethnic people themselves.
(Photocopy, document of Nguyen Van Trung in the book “Draw the road for deer running”).
Achievement of the Central Special Mission
“According to Muoi Huong, he received two telegraphs: The 5th Division of heavy losses, the enemy arrested hard, 100% whitewash, many white places 80-90%. The district party must cut contact with the Central to ensure safety. (...) There are places where comrades are arrested most. Detective Ba Long's base destroyed the cruel heart, even after the break it also for the test, meet a boy survived it also killed. Also in Quang Nam, Vinh Trinh cycling ... “
(Nguyen Thi Ngoc Hai, “Tran Quoc Huong, intelligence chief”, p. 116)
Le Duan also confessed to a rather pessimistic situation when Le Duan wrote in July 1962:
“There were times in the South as well as in District 5, the situation was so difficult that the Revolution could not sustain development. It should not be because of the temporary difficulties caused by the establishment of strategic hammers that panic.
(Le Duan, Letter to the South, Truth Publishing House pp 51-59)
Huong was arrested in 1958 after four years in the south.
- There is also Vu Ngoc Nha, an official at the Ministry of Public Works. Arrested and diverted and then monthly must report work. Later, Tran's father, Phu Nhuan's father, introduced her friend Thieu to Thieu.
- Le Huu Thuy, lieutenant who was put in by the Viet Cong and appointed by Do Mau as Head of Security Department of the Military Security.
- Colonel Le Cau later changed the direction and helped to arrest Pham Ba Luong, member of the Foreign Ministry Vu Van Mau. (Stanley-Vu Quoc Thuc's economic plan was transferred.
I just mentioned a few cases, the list left about 200 people.
Dư Văn Chất writes:
“The anti-Communist achievement of Ngo Dinh Can-Duong Van Hieu Secret Service is marvelous. They attacked the headquarters of the Central Party, such as Inter-zone Five, Thua Thien Provincial Committee, Hue City Council and Da Nang. In the south, they attack the Saigon-Cho Lon Specialized Area, Thu Bien, and Can Tho. Most prominently, the Central Intelligence Agency neatly captured our intelligence networks. Our strategy spread from Ben Hai to Saigon in just one year. “
(Du Van, ibid., P. 2)
The main thing here is that both Republican and Communist Vietnam refer to reform policy.
But Ngo Dinh Diem's regime, instead of using the past to condemnation, emphasized the past of the former resistance and often when diverted and promoted in the same position as the case of Pham Ngoc Thao, Men like Huynh Van Lang, Le Ngo Chau, Tran Van Tuyen, Pham Duy, Le Tung Minh, Hoang Thi Tho and writer Xuan Vu and thousands of thousands of former civil servants as well as South Vietnamese intellectuals.
Meanwhile, they also renovated the 'puppet troops, puppet government', but used their past as a conviction for crimes and torture. Therefore, 10 out of 10 people when they are out of the camp revenge hate communism never.
It shows that the transformation of the First Republic was a human value to build the country together. The rebuilding of communist re-education camps is no less a form of revenge.
Not only that, the communists dealt with the communists who were jailed under the Republican regime as “problematic”, not using, sitting, playing and watering. Le Duc Tho, head of the Central Organization Committee, said: “90% of American-puppet political prisoners have a problem.”
This is also true of some communist prisoners under the French rule. Typically, the case of Tran Van Giau suspected of cooperation with France and the whole country was not completed.
That is also the case of Pham Ngoc An, Muoi Huong, Major Dang An, Vu Ngoc Nha, etc.
In the book, there is a quotation from Major Dang An as follows. Please quote:
“At one point, the party commissioner Major Dang An received the decision on the garden, retired with the sentence of expulsion Party with the time imprisonment Dang An in prison Secret Service. Terrible the internal court case is worse than any court: It is worse than the trial of a robbery or a prostitute because here the defendant is also arguing under the law, there is a defense law .
Dang died in unrest, whispered his mouth whispered: “Why have you filed the complaint with the Party? .. He will let you die, do not die, die wild death, do not die now to the Party You died, you die, die dead. Who wins? Curse of the Secret Service is the same! I want to speak with the soul of the soul: “Death is liberated Deng An.”
Vu Ngoc Nhan is the main character of “Mr. Counselor” edited by Huu Mai according to documents, Vu Ngoc Nhan has committed suicide three times but not die, because he was saved, was suspected ...
“So the ghost of Cẩn has entered into his brother. The ghost of Ngo Dinh Cun immediately entered the comrades with the prisoners, together in the Board of Commissioners 2, and the ghost of Can he turned “his adviser” do not know which way to answer. He advised evidence with tranquilizers to look forward to early “release”.
Duplicate or True, Photocopy, page 223. This photocopy was disseminated in 1992, including 233 pages dated August 19 and 2-9-92. The writer is Du Van Van)
In the above cases, we can come to the conclusion that the communists themselves are afraid of the communists. They are as inseparable as they were before and as they are today.
And the last fight was the fight between the communists and the communists! Let's wait and see the final scene.