Qun đội Trung cộng đ thảm st t nhất 10.000 người trong vụ Thin An Mn 1989


Lưu Trữ Anh



Hồng Kng thắp nến tưởng niệm nạn nhn vụ thảm st Thin An Mn. Ảnh ngy 04/06/2016.REUTERS


Gần 30 năm sau vụ thảm st đẫm mu Thin An Mn thng 6/1989, cng chng vẫn tiếp tục đặt cu hỏi : C bao nhiu người l nạn nhn của qun đội Trung Quốc? Một thng tin vừa được cơ quan Lưu Trữ Quốc Gia Anh tiết lộ cho biết khoảng 10.000 thường dn thiệt mạng trong biến cố kinh hong ny.


AFP hm nay, 23/12/2017, thng bo đ tiếp cận được bức điện mật gửi về nước của đại sứ Anh tại Bắc Kinh vo thời điểm đ, trong đ ng khẳng định ước tnh tối thiểu c 10.000 nạn nhn. Con số ni trn cao gấp nhiều lần cc ước tnh được đưa ra năm 1989.


Chnh quyền Trung Quốc đ kiểm duyệt nghim ngặt thng tin, chỉ đưa ra con số khoảng 200 người chết về pha dn thường, v vi chục về pha qun đội. Con số mới được cng bố cũng cao hơn nhiều so với số liệu m Hội Hồng Thập Tự Trung Quốc v cc ủy hội sinh vin hồi đ cung cấp (2.700 người chết).


Bo co của đại sứ Anh Alan Donald dựa trn thng tin từ một nguồn ẩn danh lm việc trong chnh phủ Trung Quốc vo thời điểm đ - thuật lại ci đm khủng khiếp từ ngy mng 3 qua ngy 4/6, khi qun đội Trung Quốc tiến vo quảng trường Thin An Mn mnh mng, trung tm quyền lực của chế độ cộng sản, bị những người biểu tnh chiếm giữ suốt bảy tuần lễ.


Theo đại sứ Anh, cc sinh vin đ hon ton bất ngờ trước cuộc tấn cng tn khốc. Khi qun đội đến quảng trường Thin An Mn, họ đ tin l c một giờ để giải tn, thế nhưng chỉ 5 pht sau đ, qun đội đ nổ sng.


Xe thiết gip của Qun đon 27 xả sng vo đm đng, những người cn sống st bị binh sĩ hạ st ở cự ly gần. Điện thư của đại sứ Anh kể r xe thiết gip đ cn đi, cn lại nhiều lần khiến cc thi thể bị nghiền nt hon ton.

Điện mật của đại sứ Anh cho biết lực lượng tấn cng sinh vin của Qun đon 27 bao gồm cc binh sĩ đến từ tỉnh Sơn Ty (Shanxi), trong số họ 60% m chữ.


AFP khẳng đinh nh Hn học Php Jean-Pierre Cabestan cũng cho rằng số lượng thường dn thiệt mạng ni trn l đng tin cậy, khi so snh với cc ti liệu giải mật những năm gần đy của Hoa Kỳ.


Jean-Pierre Cabestan cho biết thm chế độ cộng sản vo lc đ đ mất kiểm sot Bắc Kinh. Lực lượng phản khng đ lập nhiều chốt chặn trn khắp thnh phố. Người dn Bắc Kinh đ khng cự v chắc chắn đ xảy ra nhiều trận đnh hơn l mọi người vẫn nghĩ.


Về tnh hnh chung, theo đại sứ Anh, cuộc đn p tn khốc gy căng thẳng cao độ trong nội bộ qun đội Trung Quốc. Tư lệnh vng Bắc Kinh lc đ đ từ chối cấp thực phẩm v nơi ở cho cc đơn vị đn p sinh vin. Một số thnh vin chnh phủ Trung Quốc cn dự đon nội chiến c thể bng pht.




At least 10,000 people died in Tiananmen Square massacre, secret British cable from the time alleged


Adam Lusher,The Independent






The death toll from the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre was at least 10,000 people, killed by a Chinese army unit whose troops were likened to primitives, a secret British diplomatic cable alleged.


The newly declassified document, written little more than 24 hours after the massacre, gives a much higher death toll than the most commonly used estimates which only go up to about 3,000.


It also provides horrific detail of the massacre, alleging that wounded female students were bayoneted as they begged for their lives, human remains were hosed down the drains, and a mother was shot as she tried to go to the aid of her injured three-year-old daughter.


Written on 5 June 1989 by Sir Alan Donald, the then-British ambassador to China, the hitherto secret cable has now been placed in the UK National Archives at Kew, where it was found by the news website HK01.


The ambassador said his account of the massacre of the night of 3-4 June was based on information from a source who had spoken to a good friend in Chinas State Council, effectively its ruling cabinet.


The State Council member, Sir Alan said, has previously proved reliable and was careful to separate fact from speculation and rumour.


In unflinching detail, Sir Alan told London that the atrocities against thousands of pro-democracy protesters in and around Beijings Tiananmen Square had been coordinated by the 27 Army of Shanxi Province, whose troops he described as 60 per cent illiterate and called primitives.


Sir Alan said previous waves of troops had gone in unarmed to disperse the protesters, many of whom were students.


Then, Sir Alan wrote, The 27 Army APCs [armoured personnel carriers] opened fire on the crowd before running over them. APCs ran over troops and civilians at 65kph [40 miles per hour].


Sir Alan added: Students understood they were given one hour to leave square, but after five minutes APCs attacked.


Students linked arms but were mown down. APCs then ran over the bodies time and time again to make, quote pie unquote, and remains collected by bulldozer.


Remains incinerated and then hosed down drains.


Sir Alans cable stated that the violent repression of the Tiananmen Square protests occurred after some members of Chinas State Council had come to consider that civil war was imminent.


Sir Alan reported as speculation that Deng Xiaopings Communist government chose the 27 Army for the operation because its troops were the most reliable and obedient.


He reported that from what he had been told, 27 Army troops had used dum-dum bullets and snipers shot many civilians on balconies, street sweepers etc for target practice.


27 Army ordered to spare no one, he wrote. Wounded girl students begged for their lives but were bayoneted.


A three-year-old girl was injured, but her mother was shot as she went to her aid, as were six others.


The cable also alleges that the massacre continued even after the first wave of killings.


Sir Alan wrote: 1,000 survivors were told they could escape but were then mown down by specially prepared MG [machine gun] positions.


Army ambulances who attempted to give aid were shot up, as was a Sino-Japanese hospital ambulance. With medical crew dead, wounded driver attempted to ram attackers but was blown to pieces by anti-tank weapon.

In another incident, the cable said, the troops even shot one of their own officers.


Sir Alan wrote: 27 Army officer shot dead by own troops, apparently because he faltered. Troops explained they would be shot if they hadnt shot the officer.

The final sentence of Sir Alans cable reads: Minimum estimate of civilian dead 10,000.


This estimate is way above any figures issued by the Chinese government, which has numbered the civilian dead at between 200 and 300.


There has never been an undisputed figure for the death toll, but on early on the morning of 4 June, the Chinese Red Cross estimated that 2,700 people had been killed.


This is still way below the figure suggested by Sir Alan, but most reports of the massacre now go with the Red Cross number or something close to it.


In 2014, however, it was reported that a confidential US government file quoted a Chinese military source as saying the Communist regimes own internal assessment believed 10,454 people had been killed a figure that would fit Sir Alans initial estimate.


The Chinese government has always characterised the response to the Tiananmen Square protests as legitimate defence against a counter-revolutionary riot or rebellion.


On the night of 3 June, United Press International reported that a statement was repeatedly broadcast on Chinese television, claiming: Tonight a serious counter-revolutionary rebellion took place. Thugs frenziedly attacked Peoples Liberation Army troops, seizing weapons, erecting barricades, beating soldiers and officers in an attempt to overthrow the government of the Peoples Republic of China.


For many days, the Peoples Liberation Army has exercised restraint and now must resolutely counteract the rebellion.


All those who refuse to listen to reason must take full responsibility for their actions and their consequences.






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